Office of the Senate's rulings

The print version

Office of the Senate's rulings operated from May 1938 (in fact, from September) until October 1940, which aimed to administer and systematize the practice of the Senate and to take care of the harmonization of practices by forming special filing system.

Legal basis of creation of Office of the Senate’s rulings as an institution was the law adopted by Cabinet of Ministers on 29 March 1938 “Amendment to Judiciary”; its Articles 611- 6111 applied to Office of the Senate's rulings.

Amendment to law regarding the Office of the Senate's rulings was created from in-depth study of Western European analogous judicial institutions, which were personally visited by Senator Karlis Ducmanis, representative of Independent International Court of Justice Organization of Latvia. He also became the first and only chairperson of the Office of the Senate's rulings.

K. Ducmanis reports on office's work  provide insight into operation of the Office of the Senate's rulings. They refer to work of employees, work intensity (in order to compile case-law) and cooperation with the Departments of the Senate.

The operating framework is set out in the Guidelines of the Office of the Senate's rulings.  Part I (Management of the Office) and Part II (Functions of the Office) of the Guidelines were adopted by the executive session of the Senate Assembly in 13 June 1939. The Senate Assembly in 1940 discussed the amendments to Part II of the Guidelines and additions to Part III (Publications), however, they were never officially confirmed. K. Ducmanis explanations to draft guidelines also include unpublished Part III.

In less than two years staff composed of four employees (excluding typists) made a collection of 3006 theses un 294 notes taken from rulings of 1937–1940 by Senate Assembly (44 theses, 2 notes), the Department of Civil Cases (1396 thesis, 96 notes), the Department of Administrative Cases (815 theses 99 marks) and the Department of Criminal Cases (696 theses, 96 notes). Some of these materials, in total 3500 pages, have been digitized and made available on the webpage of State Historical Archives.