Judicial Reform: Liquidation of the Court Chambers

The print version

On 13 June 2013, the Saeima adopted amendments to the law “On Judicial Power”, envisaging transition to a three-instance system of courts and providing that in all cases the first instance court was the district (city) court, the appellate instance – the regional court, whereas the Supreme Court comprised only the cassation instance. The Chamber of Criminal Cases was part of the Supreme Court until 31 December 2014, the Chamber of Civil Cases – until 31 December 2016.

This is the most important reform of courts since the restoration of independent statehood and establishment of the current judicial system in the 1990s. The Supreme Court in most significantly affected by the reform, as its appellate instance is liquidated.

Chamber of Criminal Cases

The statistics shows that during 19 years the Chamber of Criminal Cases has heard more than 7600 cases.

The Chamber of Criminal Cases has had three Chairs – Andrejs Lepse, Ivars Bickovics and Ervins Kuskis, 18 Judges and 16 Judge’s assistants have worked under their management over these years. Together with the employees of the Chancery – the Chamber of Criminal Cases has been a part in the working life of 89 people.

Apart from the cases that have been heard, an important value that the Chamber of Criminal Cases has contributed to Latvia’s judicial system has been development of the appeals proceedings in criminal procedure and its implementation in practice, preparing the collections of rulings by the appellate instance, a number of judge’s assistants of the Chamber have become judges, prosecutors, advocates, the Judges of the Chamber of Criminal Cases Andrejs Lepse and Aija Branta became the Justices of the Constitutional Court, almost all Judges of the cassation instance – the Department of Criminal Cases – are former Judges of the Chamber, and also the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Ivars Bickovics prior to coming into this office was the Chair of the Chamber of Criminal Cases.

Chamber of Civil Cases

During 21 years of operation the Chamber of Civil Cases has heard about 24 000 cases.

Chair of the Chamber had for 19 years been Gunars Aigars, later the work of the Chamber was led by Raimonds Gravelsins and Ineta Ozola. In total 33 judges, 31 judge’s assistants have worked in the Chamber, as well as there were 90 employees of the Chamber’s Chancery.  

The contribution of the Chamber of Civil Cases to the Latvian judicial system is not merely thousands of cases that were adjudicated and the creation of appellate court case-law, but it was also a school for both judges and employees. 17 of the judges of the Chamber of Civil Cases have become judges of the cassation instance -  judges of the Department of Civil Cases - and three former judge’s assistants have become judges.

 

More information:

History of the Chamber of Criminal Cases is Wrapped Up in a Book, 19.12.2014

Book on History of the Chamber of Civil Cases, 16.12.2016

Exhibition on History of the Chambers of the Supreme Court, 16.12.2016

Appellate instance has terminated its work in the Supreme Court, 02.01.2017