Continuing reform of court system and transition to clear three-level instance court system, refusal from Chambers of the Supreme Court takes place gradually.  The Chamber of Criminal Cases terminated operation on 31 December, and amendments to the Civil Procedure Law, which became effective on 1 January 2015, in their turn envisage decreasing of flow of cases in the Chamber of Civil Cases, as term of end of operation of the Chamber is set 31 December 2016.

Amendments to the Civil Procedure Law adopted by the Saeima state that as from 1 January 2015 regional court does not accept new civil cases as the first instance court, thus all cases initially are reviewed by district (city) courts and their Land Registry offices, regional court is appellate instance in all cases, and the Supreme Court is only cassation instance.

After 1 January, the Chamber of Civil Cases continues to examine only those cases filed for review under appellate procedure, which were received until 31 December 2014, and cases, in  which date of rendering of a judgement in a regional court as in the first instance court was announced until 31 December 2014. The Chamber of Civil Cases will not further receive new cases anymore.

After 1 January 2015, cassation instance – the Department of Civil Cases of the Supreme Court, when quashing ruling of the Chamber of Civil Cases of the Supreme Court as of appellate instance, will transfer a case for new review to a regional court as the appellate instance court or to a district (city) court as the first instance court in accordance with terms regarding jurisdiction of civil law disputes. Cases reviewed in the Chamber of Civil Cases regarding decisions of a judge of a Land Registry office and his or her action, in which cassation instance will quash ruling of the Chamber after 1 January 2015, will also be transferred for new review to a regional court, in whose catchment area Land Registry office of a district (city) court is located.

The Civil Procedure Law also states that cases, which the Chamber of Civil Cases will start to review on the merits and ancillary complaints against decisions rendered by a regional court as the first instance court, but which will not be reviewed until liquidation of the Chamber on 31 December 2016, including cases, in which decision on suspension of proceedings is adopted, will be transferred for review to a regional court as the appellate instance court, but in the new composition of a court. Complaints regarding decisions of a judge of the Land Registry office and his or her action, which will not be reviewed in the Chamber of Civil Cases until 31 December 2016, will be transferred for review to a regional court, in whose catchment area Land Registry office of a district (city) court is located.  .

By the end of 2014, there are 1246 cases pending in the Chamber of Civil Cases.

 

Information prepared by

Rasma Zvejniece, the Head of the Division of Communication of the Supreme Court

E-mail: rasma.zvejniece@at.gov.lv, telephone: 67020396, 28652211